Origin of English word SHAG

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









overtake, catch up, obtain


To SHAG after baseballs is to chase after and catch them. The term is older than the game of baseball which preserved this verb. SHAG is of unknown origin.  השיג  HeeSeeYG precisely means to overtake and catch up to (Genesis 44:4) or to reach   ( Leviticus5:11) or obtain. The infinitive is Noon-Sin-Gimel, so the subroot is SG. Related by sound and sense are Shin-Khahf terms like המשיך HeeMSHeeYKH, continue and משך MaSHaKH, to pull. The attaining of this fricative-guttural word is the conclusion of the similar-sounding efforts at SEEK.

The Indo-European “root” sag (to seek out) and SEEK may be sought at BESEECH and SHAG.


Polish siega (to reach) should link up, as might the term for "hand" in Basque, esku. The Finnish (kasi) and Hungarian (kez) either reverse this Hebrew term or take their cue from  AK[H]aZ (to seize, grasp, hold). An antonym with more precise correspondence to our captioned term is  (Hee)$eeYG (to move back, retreat). Another slang word of chasing after is SICK. A farmer might SICK his dog on a varmint to pursue and attack the intruder.

The earliest domestication of the dog was not just for guard duty, but for hunting. The hunter and dog would track prey and  an animal wounded by an arrow would run off.  The dog would catch up to, or SHAG  the animal so  that meat could be brought home for dinner. This is why the Farsi (Persian) dog is a sag.

Two IE “root”s seem related to  (Hee)SeeYG (to chase and overtake or to reach, attain, obtain). The first is Indo-European sek(w) (to follow), which includes words like ASSOCIATE, INTRINSIC, SECOND, SIGN and SOCIAL. Derivatives of Latin sequi (to follow) include CONSEQUENT, ENSUE, EXECUTE, OBSEQUIOUS, PERSECUTE, PROSECUTE, PURSUE, SECT, SEGUE, SEGUIDILLA, SEQUACIOUS, SEQUEL, SEQUENCE, SUBSEQUENT, SUE and SUITOR. HeMSHaiKH is a follow-through. The second root, tuned into the second meaning of  (Hee)SeeYG, is segh (to hold). Relevant cognate terms here include EPOCH, HECTIC, SCHEME, SCHOLASTIC, SCHOOL and EUNUCH.

If a SCHEMATIC design is from a different source than the diabolical SCHEME, that source could be 1) Shechem, the Genesis 34 site of elaborate plots and feints, or 2) ZeeMaH, intention, plotting (Duteronomy 19:19…where a false witness is ZaMaM, cleverly plotting to have the court murder someone for him.

Following after the Shin-Khaf etymons above are Japanese zokko suru (to continue) and zoku-zoku (in succession). A SEQUEL or second volume is a zokuhen.

SHAG is also slang for sexual intercourse.  SHeGel is to violate or ravish in Deuteronomy 28:30.  A SHeyGahL is a king’s consort.

Bible Verses

Genesis 44:4 הם יצאו את־העיר לא הרחיקו ויוסף אמר לאשׁר על־ביתו קום רדף אחרי האנשׁים והשׂגתם ואמרת אלהם למה שׁלמתם רעה תחת טובה׃

“And when they were gone out of the city, and were not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward: ‘Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them: Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?’”



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