Origin of English word SHARP

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[HRP+initial S]


The sense (semantics) are sharp, but the sound of the proposed Edenic etymon here seems fuzzy . At  least the way spelling convention has turned out; and that an unhistoric S usually  precededs harsher gutturals.  The IE  root is no better, sker- 1 (to cut).

חרף [K]HaReeF means sharp, pungent. In Aramaic it means “he sharpened.”  The same ח-ר-ף Het-Resh-Phey can  mean a sharp, bitter taste (Syriac and Arabic),  the sharp bitterness of winter חרף ([K]HoaReF Genesis 8:22 -- source of HIBERNATE and French hiver, winter – after metathesis and bilabial shift, HRF → HVR), and the bitterness of a REPROACH (reverse the root to see its K[H]    or CH-R-P stem).  Biblical citations favor the verbal sharpness, as in Judges 5:18, where it means “mocked.”   For the sharpness of REPROACH, see “REPROACH;” for sharp, pungency of taste, see PICRIC ACID.  For related  sharp-edged words like חרב [K]HeReBH (sword) – see  CARVE and HARROW.


The first definition in the concordance for [K]HaReeF is Latin carpere.  This leads us to verbal sharpness like to CARP.  For acute sharpness, it is easier to ignore the initial “S’ in German sharp, scharf (also meaning both keen and pungent).  It is harder to feel the Het-Resh-Phey in a Spanish winter:  invierno.   See HIBERNATE.

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