Origin of English word SOLITARY

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ROOTS:  SOLITARY and SOLE are thought to come from an IE “root” that might have sounded like s(w)e (a third person reflexive pronoun).  The historical and non-speculative source is Latin solus (by oneself, alone).

ZOOLaS or ZOOLaT means "except" or "save only."  The adverb form in Deuteronomy 1:36 or  Deuteronomy 4:12   ("exclusively;" "nothing but") is ZOOLaTeeY.  Harkavy has זולה ZOOLaH meaning “separation…only.”

$eLaH ("selah") is a musical instruction in Psalms indicating a pause, an ISOLATION, or even a musical SOLO in an otherwise chorus-sung Temple composition.  SHeL (belonging to) is also a term of fricative-liquid exclusivity.

The Indo-European “root” was likely after OW(S)OA, Aleph-Vav-Sahf-Vav, (himself or itself) – see  IT.


Another fricative-liquid-dental of being a sole survivor is SaReeYD (Lamentations 2:25  This is why a Polish orphan is a sierota..  DESOLATE, SOLILOQUY, SOLITAIRE, SOLITUDE and SULLEN are cognates of SOLE and SOLITARY. ISOLATE and INSULATE should be added, as well as isolated bodies of land like the ISLET, ISLE and ISLAND (I’sola in Italian). The AHD prefers the IE “root” ak w a (water – see AQUA) for ISLAND.  Nonetheless, the AHD traces ISOLATE to Latin insula, island.   The scholars could not link Latin solus and insula, never mind look beyond their cherished isle of Eurocentrism.  Turkish ozel (sole, special) singles out ZOOLat.

German selt en means rarely, seldom.  Shift the Tahf/T of  ZOOLaT to D, for SELDOM, a term of exclusivity in time, rather than space. There is no Indo-European “root”  reconstructed for SELDOM. Webster’s finds nothing older than Anglo-Saxon seldum. But it does cite the obsolete word SELD (rare). 

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