Origin of English word STUBBORN

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[TS-B → ST-B]


standing firm


The dictionaries have trouble with STUB and STUBBLE, which they connect to the theoretical  Indo-European  root  (s)teu (to push, stick, knock, beat). They are addressing  the sense of "stubbing" one's toe. Middle English stoborne (stubborn) ought to connect to STUB, but the authorities are not sure how to do so.

A ticket STUB and STUBBLE in the field is that which STUBBORNLY remains firm after cutting or harvesting.

 The STUBBORN Hebrews have a two-letter צ-ב Tsadi-Bet/ TS-B root of standing firm.  This is  seen in    נצב NeeTSahBH

(standing - Genesis18:2), root נצב    NeeTSaBH (handle, hilt - Judges3:22), and    נציב   NiTSeeYBH  (column, the “pillar” of salt that Lot’s wife was petrified into in Genesis 19:26). More lasting architecture at STABLE.   Closer to the emotionality of STUBBORNESS are נצב    NeeTSBaH (resoluteness, steadfastness) and יתיצב    Yi(S)YaTSayBH (to "stand up to"  someone or to stubbornly oppose  them - Deuteronomy 7:24).  


OBSTINATE may belong here with Tsadi-Bet resiliency, instead of being placed with STABILITY and STU(M)P (nasalized STUBBLE) at an Indo-European “root” called sta (to stand).  These physically enduring ST-B words are from the Tsadi-Bet sub-root. YaTSaBH is the formal verb meaning “to set or stand up.”    See "MASTABA" and STABLE.  Latin stabilis means  “standing firm” and stipula is a (sturdy) stalk or stem. Deuteronomy 29:9 is insufficiently translated as “standing.” Ni TSaBH iM conveys the endurance, the stubborn stability of the eternal people, not merely their being in a vertical position.

In the STUMP, or remaining tree trunk that stubbornly persists, there is a nasalized (extra M) added to the Tsadi-Bhet. STUMP is from Middle Low German stump, a cognate of STAFF (stick), STALAG, STAMP. STAMPEDE, STAPLE and STOOP at the IE “root” stebh (post, stem, to support,place firmly on, fasten). The P of STUMP is from a bilabial shift of the Bhet/B.  The same bilabial shift from a Bhet to an F is seen in STIFF.

 STIFF is another form of stubborn  resistance … all from our Tsadi-Bhet sub-root.

 Reversing to Bet-Tsadi: BeTSeR means strength, related to fortification words.

For Bet-Tsadi instability, the built-in opposite of Tsadi-Bet/TS-B, see BoaTS  (mud, mire - Jeremiah38:22 ) at PITCH.

Bible Verses

Genesis 18:2 וישׂא עיניו וירא והנה שׁלשׁה אנשׁים נצבים עליו וירא וירץ לקראתם מפתח האהל וישׁתחו ארצה׃

“and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood over against him; and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed down to the earth,”



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