Origin of English word SUMAC

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English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word







[(T)S- M-KH]


SUMAC refers to a number of related plants with red fruit. The dictionaries give us Arabic summaq, from sumaka (to be tall). Much is lost by not giving the Hebrew etymons.  (T)SaMaK[H] is to spring up (Genesis 2:5) and  (T)SeMaK[H] means plant, growth, sprouting and vegetation. (T)S'MeeYK[H]aH is growth, while  (T)S'MeeYQaH means shrinkage. Other antonyms include  (T)SiMTSOOM (contraction – see   SMALL and SMASH) and  (T)SaNahK[H] (to descend). S-M and MASS words of MASSIVE bulk  are also at MASS.

צמר TSeMeR means wool (Leviticus13:47)  from  the     צ-מ Tsadi-Mem of  צמח TSOMAH (to spout hair  -- Leviticus 13:37; to grow – see  SUMAC) +  the

  מ-ר Mem-Resh  of  מר א   EeMahR (lamb – Jewish Aramaic of Ezra 6:9).


The red SUMAC fruit may be related to $oaMaQ (red, redness). Indonesian semak is a bush. Nahuati (Aztec Indian) tomatl gives us that tall-sprouting T(S)-M vegetable plant we call the TOMATO.  To grow (as crops) in Chinese is zhang.  

See SYCAMORE for a #2-#3 reversal of our SMK etymon. Tumak means big in Nawat (El Salvador), where tumiwak means “fat.”  TM growth words are at TUMOR.

See SUMMIT for more tall SM words.  Similar to thinking TSeMa[K]H when naming the New World TOMATO, an early Slovak tribe used the same Edenic word for the Old World potato: zemiak.  

In Japanese masu (increase, grow, gain), masaru (be superior to) and masu-masu

  (more and more)  -- much like Spanish mas more)  -- typically reverse our Tadi-Mem/TS-M sound and sense of growing like a weed.

For TM growth words see VENTRICLE.

Related Words


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