Origin of English word VERDICT

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The word VERDICT is addressed in the entry: RECITATION


English Word

RECITATION

Edenic Word

(Ha)GaD(aH)

Hebrew Word

הגדה

Transliteration

Hey-Gimel-Dalet-Hey

Pronounciation

ha-GUD-ah

Conversion

[G-D → KT]

Roots

There is no Indo-European “root” for words like CITATION or RECITE. Thirteen words connected to RECITAL are linked by Webster’s to Latin citare, to call or name. CITE and CITATION are linked to Latin citare, to arouse, summon.

  הגיד HeeGeeYD is to tell or announce (Genesis 3:11).  The citation of Exodus 13:8 (“and you shall tell your son”) makes it to the entry headline as the more well known source for the     הגדה HaGaDaH -- the RECITATION or retelling of the exodus saga on Passover.  The ג-ד Gimel-Dalet root is a guttural-dental, as is the Latin K-T one.


Branches

The AGaDaH is narrative, non-scriptural lore. MaGeeYD is an orator, later an itinerant preacher.  The IE “root” kei –3 (to set in motion) is the alleged source of CITE and INCITE (see “INCITE). Few people read centuries ago, unless they were announcing a proclamation to a gathering. Therefore, this K-T root appears in words for reading in Eastern Europe: Czech cisti, Polish czytac, Serbo-Croat citati and Russian chitat.

There is a dental-guttural root, deik,  meaning to show, or to pronounce solemny, and which is said to give rise to words like TEACH and TOKEN.

Reverse that root to guttural-dental, and we have a fine Gimel-Daled of HaGaDaH and RECITATION. Modern Hebrew DooGMaH (example) and DeGeM (to exemplify, standardize) are from Greek deigma (sample, specimen). This DG (reverse of our GD) is a fine echo of the HaGaDaH-style teaching by example (as well as with MaGeeYD, RECITATION.  But EDK  obscures this by citing Latin dicere (to say, tell), and the AHD also has their theoretical Indo-European DK root.  See SYNDICATE.

Other cognates from Indo-European deik  or from Latin dicere (to say, tell) given by the AHD include:  ADDICT, BENEDICTION, BETOKEN, CONDITION, CONTRADICT,  DICTATE, DICTION, DICTIM, DICTATE, DICTION, DICTUM,  DIGIT, DITTO. DITTY, EDICT, FATIDICT, INDICT, INTERDICT, JUDGE, JUDICIAL, JURIDICAL, JURISDICTION, PREDICATE, PREJUDICE, VERDICT, and VINDICATE. TACHISM,TETCHY andTOE. Getting back to the Greek, and to DG and GD, the AHD includes PARADIGM.

To RECITE or tell in Japanese is kataru.


Related Words

SYNDICATE



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