Origin of English word VIOLA

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The word VIOLA is addressed in the entry: VIOLIN

English Word


Edenic Word


Hebrew Word









There is no Indo-European “root” for VIOLIN.  The oldest source word is Old Provencal  viola (string instument).  The 16th Century VIOL, then the VIOLA are bigger than the VIOLIN.  The N of VIOLIN is thought to be a diminutive suffix.

But it may be restoring the  נ Noon/N of the oldest string instrument in recorded history: the  נבל Nay[V]eL (harp, lyre, psaltery of Isaiah 5:12, and the ten-stringed harp of Psalms 33:2).  For a similar M231 see VILLAIN from  נבל   Na[V]ahL (villain – see VILE).    The VIOL, VIOLA and VIOLIN are strung over a hollow vessel.  נבל Na[V]ahL means hollow (see the violin-like VILLAIN at VILE), and  נבל Nay[V]eL is a vessel . A VIOLIN looks most like the leather wine bottle of I Samuel 10:3.


The Noon-Bhet element leads us to the hollowness of  נבב NaBHahBH (Exodus 27:80), and thus to  hollow double-bilabial wind instruments like the FIFE and PIPE (see PIPE).

The ב-ל Bhet-Lamed second element is also musical.  See the Bhet-Lamed mixtures, including sounds, at BALL.  A string instrument played with a bow is all about mixing notes, not plucking them individually. For the mixture and sweetness of MUSIC, see MUSK and MIX.

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